Black and McKay noted that mottled teeth did not seem to have a higher incidence of tooth decay, and Dean extended those findings, although that was not his job. A man was specifically assigned to investigate the damage that a particular chemical did to teeth, but somehow concluded that the chemical was instead good for teeth. Ironically, the PHS spent the ten years after trying to eliminate fluorine ions from the water supply, given the tooth mottling findings. Cox partly based his fluoridation suggestion on the work of Gerald Armstrong, who in published findings that decayed teeth seemed to have lower fluorine content than healthy teeth.
Any history of heart murmur or valve prolapse? The reader suspecting Lyme symptoms should either identify with a number of sections of this article, or, in this absence, be fairly certain of excluding the possibility of Lyme. Any Doctor investigating prudent treatment for Lyme Disease would do well by reading this essay.
Because this is long, those needing a shorter diagnostic tool may scroll up this page for a quick checklist directly above this essay. Traditionally, the public has been advised to suspect Lyme LD if a round or oval, expanding, red rash develops days after a deer tick bite associated with or followed by a flu-like illness.
This limited description will apply to only some cases. The rashes associated with LD can assume a variety of morphologies including vesicular, urticarial, eczematoid or atrophic Acrodermatitis Chronicum Atrophicans. While deer ticks and LD have a well known affiliation, other potential vectors can carry the spirochete that causes LD Borrelia burgdorferi; Bb.
These include, the lone star tick, fleas, the biting flies e. A case of suspected transmission via blood transfusion has been reported by Dr. The demonstration of Bb by PCR in two museum mouse specimens dating from Massachusetts and in ticks collected during WW II, provides a mechanism for potential life long exposure and disease which predates the formal discovery of LD.
An occasional patient will date their symptoms which resolved on antibiotic therapy for LD to early childhood. Before the diagnosis was made, patients would dismiss those symptoms with the statement: That resigned characterization implies that the longevity of the symptoms rules out a reversible cause.
Subsequent resolution of the long standing symptoms on antibiotic therapy for LD belies that notion. Symptoms of LD can begin within days of inoculation with Bb or appear belatedly, but usually in the first to fourth month.
Mice innoculated intraperitoneally had Bb demonstrated in the brain on biopsy 12 hours later with a peak at 48 hours Stockholm Conference, If dissemination can occur early, then staging the disease according to the temporal appearance of symptoms may be irrelevant.
Conversely, due to the possibility of symptoms being engendered by chemical mediators and autoimmune reactions by the host against non-viable but immunoreactive DNA blebsorgan dysfunction and attendant symptoms can appear at sites removed from the actual spirochetes.
The diagnostic and therapeutic problems that these phenomenon entail should be obvious. Rapid dispersion of Bb could lead to the prompt appearance of complications; e.
There is no absolutely predictable clinical sequence for LD.An environmental hazard poses a threat to not only the surrounding environment, but potentially to the health of people living in that area.
An environmental hazard can be anything from toxic waste production, air pollution, garbage disposal to pesticide poisons. Many people are concerned about whether borax is a safe chemical. There are many sites on the internet claiming it is toxic.
I disagree with these sites and believe that borax is as safe for household use as table salt or washing soda—in other words, the dose makes the poison. Chemical hazard is the result of chemicals that cause harm. Cultural is hazards that are based on how we live. Cultural Hazards Cultural hazards are more like self conflicted hazards.
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Joseph Mercola. Although inhabited and remote, South Sentinel island is covered with plastic! Plastic pollution and marine debris, South Sentinel Island, Bay of Bengal.
Part One () Part One introduces where Jody and I think crisis communication fits in risk communication (high hazard, high outrage), and then discusses the first six of our 25 crisis communication recommendations.