We shy persons need to write a letter now and then, or else we'll dry up and blow away.
Reprinted with permission of the estate.
So Jefferson Davis turned to political maneuvering. He had received coded letters claiming that there wereCopperheads ready to organize and act against Lincoln and the government. Thompson set up a plot for Confederate agents to sneak down to Chicago, where the Democratic National Convention would be in September.
Their plan was to free almost 20, Confederate soldiers who were locked up in Illinois, and those soldiers would unite with the Copperheads into a huge army that would materialize right in the North and force Lincoln to divert troops to the Midwest.
At the same time, one of the Copperheads would be endorsed by the party and win the election away from Lincoln, and the Civil War could end in a way that the Confederacy and the Copperheads liked. No one is sure how many Copperheads there really were in the Midwest, but the numbers are probably exaggerated, and in any case there was a big gap between hating the President and being prepared to join a rebel army.
So nothing came of that idea.
Instead, a new plot was hatched, this time to burn down New York City just before the presidential election. Eight young Confederate officers, all under the age of 30, went to Toronto to plan the mission. But the police had been tipped off, and right before the elections, thousands of Union troops arrived in New York to maintain the peace.
The group decided to postpone their arson. Instead of choosing the sites most likely to spread a fire, like lumber yards and the gas works, they chose mostly hotels. They decided to make piles of furniture and bed linens and at a certain time, all light them on fire.
And on this day inthey gave it a try. But the fires failed. Only one hotel was seriously damaged, and no one was badly hurt. The remaining fires were quickly discovered by staff at the hotels and put out by the fire department.
What could have been total devastation is now an almost forgotten event. Often conflated with the Senate subcommittee headed by Joe McCarthy in the s, the blacklist was in fact a concession to the House Committee on Un-American Activities, whose investigation of Communism in the movies began a month before McCarthy even took office, and three years before he came to any kind of national attention.
Although government officials like McCarthy would eventually accuse everyone from clergymen to public school teachers of harboring Communists, the hunt began in Hollywood, centered on writers, and was helped along by the movie executives who on this day agreed to punish anyone the HUAC saw fit.
By the end of World War II, however, reports of brutal repression in Soviet-controlled states began to reach America, where the increasingly conservative political atmosphere considered Communism a threat.
HUAC, the committee charged by the House of Representatives to investigate anyone having Communist or Fascist ties, announced that they would look into allegations that Communists were secretly planting propaganda in U.
They released a list of 43 witnesses they intended to subpoena. Nineteen of those named announced that they would not testify if called.
The hearings began in October ofwhen several movie professionals, including Walt Disney and Ronald Reagan, testified that indeed, the Communist influence was real and dangerous.
The remaining 10, now known as the Hollywood Ten, made good on their promise. On November 24, the Hollywood Ten were cited for contempt of Congress.
All would serve time in prison. That same day, a convention of almost 50 high-level film executives met in one of the most luxuriously appointed suites of the Waldorf-Astoria, many of them having rushed from the West Coast to attend the meeting. The following day, on November 25, the group publicly announced their intention to blacklist the Hollywood Ten, vowing to refuse them work until they had declared under oath that they were not Communists, and declaring that they would likewise refuse work — or fire — anyone else who was known to be a Communist.
The fact that this announcement came after a two-day session suggested that there may have been some original dissenters within a group that included the head of every major studio, but ultimately they presented a united front.
There is the risk of creating an atmosphere of fear. Creative work at its best cannot be carried on in an atmosphere of fear. We will guard against this danger, this risk, this fear. Indeed, although HUAC had failed to find any evidence of Communist messages in the movies or coercion within the industry, the prospect of being associated with anything or anyone tainted by Communism inspired a growing hysteria, and a growing blacklist.
The mere mention of their name in the HUAC proceedings was enough to scare off film execs. Eastman is best known by children and parents for his books within the Dr. These books came toward the end of a long career in animation that included helping create and write for the character Mr.
But it was the work he did while serving in World War II that most influenced the eventual course of his writing.How to write a formal letter. How to write a formal letter: 1. Your address goes in the top right corner.
2. Under your address you write the date.
Write the date like this: January 10, 3. The name and address to the person you are writing to. If you don’t have a name, you should try to address the letter to some form of title. Eg. Jul 11, · How To Write A Letter Garrison Keillor wrote this for his friend, Corrine Guntzel. sad state of pro football to your fond memories of Mexico to your cat's urinary tract infection to a few thoughts on personal indebtedness and on to the kitchen sink and what's in it.
how to write a letter Garrison Keillor (b. ), is the father of public radio's "A Prairie Home Companion" and sole proprietor of the mythical Lake Wobegon, "where.
Feb 14, · Rhetorical Devices Utilized by Garrison Keillor in “How to Write a Letter” In “How to Write a Letter,” Garrison Keillor uses rhetorical devices to not only gain credibility, but ultimately convince the reader that they “need” to write letters and that nothing is more crucial to our history.
How To Write A Letter by Garrison Keillor Summary: Garrison is talking about that we should write letters to our friends and family or really anyone that we want. Garrison Keillor also comments on why it is important to keep the art of letter writing alive.
Keillor organizes much of his essay as process or how-to writing. As you read, make a flow chart like the one below, listing Keillor’s tips for how to write a letter.